Johann Bessler’s wheel, par John Collins
Traduida de engles par Michel Gaillard
A la 6 junio de 1712, en Deutxland, Johann Bessler[¹] (ance conoseda par sua alias Orffyreus) ia anunsia ce, pos multe anios de fali, el ia susede desinia e construi un macina de move eterna. Tra plu ca des-cuatro anios, el ia esibi sua macina e ia permete ce on esamina lo completa. Longo la conselas de la siensiste famosa Gottfried Leibniz, ci ia esamina la aparato, el ia conseta cuantiosa mostras e probas desiniada per proba la validia de sua macina sin ce el revela la secreta de sua desinia.
On 6th June, 1712, in Germany, Johann Bessler (also known by his pseudonym, Orffyreus) announced that after many years of failure, he had succeeded in designing and building a perpetual motion machine. For more than fourteen years he exhibited his machine and allowed people to thoroughly examine it. Following advice from the famous scientist, Gottfried Leibniz, who was able to examine the device, he devised a number of demonstrations and tests designed to prove the validity of his machine without giving away the secret of its design.
Karl, la landgraf de Hesse, ia permete ce Bessler vive, labora e esibi sua macina a la castel prinsal de Weissenstein. Karl ia es un om de reputa nondisputable, e el ia insiste per serti la alegas de la inventor ante ce acel ta es permeteda a ave abiteria ala. La inventor, con esita, ia acorda con esta e, de cuando la macina ia es esaminada ja sasiante, Karl ia autori la publici de sua aproba de la macina. Tra anios, Bessler ia es visitada par multe persones de states diversa, siensistes, ministros e persones reial. Plural esaminas ofisial ia es esecutada e, a cada ves, la esaminores ia conclui ce la alegas de la inventor ia es autentica.
Karl the Landgrave of Hesse permitted Bessler to live, work and exhibit his machine at the prince’s castle of Weissenstein. Karl was a man of reputation and he insisted on being allowed to verify the inventor’s claims before he allowed Bessler to take up residence. This the inventor reluctantly agreed to and once he had examined the machine to his own satisfaction Karl authorised the publication of his approval of the machine. For several years Bessler was visited by numerous people of varying status, scientists, ministers and royalty. Several official examinations were carried out and each time the examiners concluded that the inventor’s claims were genuine.
Tra multe anios, Karl ia vei, e on ia deside ce la inventor ta debe parti de la castel, e ce el reseta un abiteria en la vila prosima de Karlshafen. An con la evidentia forte concreta ce sua macina ia es autentica, Bessler ia fali securi alga vende de sua macina e, pos plu ca tredes anios, el ia mori povrida. Sua mori ia aveni pos cuando el ia cade de un molin de venta cual on ia comanda ce el construi. La molin de venta ia es interesante desiniada, con un ase vertical, permetente de benefica de la ventas de cualce dirije.
Over several years Karl aged and it was decided that the inventor should leave the castle and he was granted accommodation in the nearby town of Karlshafen. Despite the strong circumstantial evidence that his machine was genuine, Bessler failed to secure a sale and after more than thirty years he died in poverty. His death came after he fell from a windmill he had been commissioned to build. The windmill was an interesting design using a vertical axle which allowed it to benefit from winds from any directions.
El ia esije un monton de mone de 100 000 taleres[²] per revela la secreta de sua macina de move eterna; esta custa ia es sola posible per la res e la prinses, e, an si multe de los ia es interesada, nun ia es preparada a acorda con la termas de la trata: Bessler ia esije ce on dona a el la mone e ce la compror prende la macina sin ce el ia vide ja la operadores interna. Los ci ia xerca compra la rota – car la macina ia ave esta forma –, ia insiste per vide la operador secreta ante ce los sede la mone. Bessler ia es temente ce, direta cuando la desinia ia es conoseda, la comprores ta parti a via, sabente como los pote construi la macina, e ce el oteni no cosa per sua labora.
He had asked for a huge sum of money for the secret of his perpetual motion machine, £20,000 which was an amount only affordable by kings and princes, and although many were interested, none were prepared to agree to the terms of the deal. Bessler required that he be given the money and the buyer take the machine without viewing the internal workings. Those who sought to purchase the wheel, for that was the form the machine took, insisted that they see the secret mechanism before they parted with the money. Bessler feared that once the design was known the buyers could simply walk away knowing how to build his machine and he would get nothing for his trouble.
[¹] Sirca 1680 a Zittau, Deutxland - †30 novembre 1745, a Fürstenberg, Deutxland.
[²] Un monton corespondente a sirca 24 000 euros, o 20 000 paundes, o 27 000 dolares.