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gramatica:en:abbreviations

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gramatica:en:abbreviations [2019/07/14 12:22]
Simon
gramatica:en:abbreviations [2019/08/10 11:48] (corente)
Simon
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 +{{page>​naviga}}
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 +====== Abbreviations ======
 +
 +A number of **abbreviations** are used in Elefen. They are not written with periods (dots).
 +
 +There are several abbreviations for common words or phrases. These are not capitalized,​ except at the beginning of a sentence:
 +
 +  * **acc** (ance conoseda como) – a.k.a. (also known as)
 +  * **aec** (ante la eda comun) – BCE (before the common era) / BC (before Christ)
 +  * **ec** (de la eda comun) – CE (common era) / AD (anno domini)
 +  * **etc** (e tal cosas, e tal continuante) – etc (et cetera), and so on
 +  * **lfn** – LFN (Lingua Franca Nova)
 +  * **n** (numero) – number
 +  * **nb** (nota bon) – NB (nota bene), please note
 +  * **ovn** (ojeto volante nonidentifiada) – UFO (unidentified flying object)
 +  * **p** (paje, pajes) – p (page), pp (pages)
 +  * **pe** (per esemplo) – e.g. (exempli gratia), for example
 +  * **pf** (per favore) – please
 +  * **ps** (pos scrive) – PS (post scriptum), postscript
 +  * **tv** (televisa, televisador) – TV (television)
 +  * **v** (vide) – see (introducing a cross-reference)
 +
 +Elefen also retains a few abbreviations from other languages that are recognized internationally,​ including the standardized abbreviations for metric units:
 +
 +  * **cd** (disco compata) – CD (compact disc)
 +  * **pc** (computador personal) – PC (personal computer)
 +  * **cm** (sentimetre) – cm (centimeter)
 +  * **km** (cilometre) – km (kilometer)
 +  * **mg** (miligram) – mg (milligram)
 +  * **μm** (micrometre) – μm (micrometer)
 +  * **MB** (megabait) – MB (megabyte)
 +
 +The abbreviated forms of proper nouns and titles use capital letters. But minor words such as **la** and **de** – which are not capitalized in the full form of the name – are not included in the abbreviation. Such nouns are often introduced by **la**, even when abbreviated:​
 +
 +  * **dr** (dotor) – Dr (as part of a person'​s name)
 +  * **sr** (senior) – Mr (as part of a person'​s name)
 +  * **sra** (seniora) – Mrs, Miss, Ms (as part of a person'​s name)
 +  * la **NU** (Nasiones Unida) – the UN (United Nations)
 +  * la **RU** (Rena Unida) – the UK (United Kingdom)
 +  * la **SUA** (Statos Unida de America) – the USA (United States of America)
 +
 +Some proper nouns are best known internationally as untranslated abbreviations,​ and these are retained in Elefen:
 +
 +  * **IBM** – IBM (International Business Machines Corporation)
 +  * **KGB** – KGB (Комитет государственной безопасности,​ Committee for State Security)
  
gramatica/en/abbreviations.txt · Editada: 2019/08/10 11:48 par Simon